July 18, 2023

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Summer can be a lot of fun. Just remember to stay cool, protect yourself, and be informed. To keep yourself and your loved ones safe, learn how you can reduce summer health risks while enjoying the season.

Beat the Heat

Stay Hydrated

  • Drink plenty of water and eat water-dense foods like cucumbers and watermelon.
  • Avoid drinks with caffeine and alcohol.
  • Replace salt lost from sweating by drinking sports drinks or beverages that contain electrolytes, such as sodium and potassium.

Keep Your Cool

  • Avoid eating hot and heavy meals.
  • Stay inside when possible or find air-conditioned places to cool off.
  • Avoid spending time outdoors during the hottest part of the day.

When You Go Outside

  • Wear loose, lightweight clothing and a hat.
  • Apply sunscreen with at least SPF (Sun Protection Factor) 15 every time you are outside.
  • Plan your outdoor activities in the morning and evening when temperatures are cooler.
  • Take frequent breaks in the shade or indoors.

Stay Informed

  • Track extreme heat in your area or travel destination with the CDC Heat & Health Tracker.
  • Check your local news for extreme heat alerts and safety tips.
Get more tips on how to stay safe when it's hot outside.

Avoid Mosquito Bites 

Use Insect Repellent

  • Find an EPA-registered insect repellent that’s right for you.
  • If also using sunscreen, always apply insect repellent after sunscreen.
  • Follow the product label instructions and reapply insect repellent as directed.

Control Mosquitoes Indoors and Outdoors

  • Use screens on windows and doors. Repair holes in screens to keep mosquitoes outdoors.
  • Use air conditioning, if available. Mosquitoes do not like cooler temperatures.
  • Stop mosquitoes from laying eggs in or near water by removing standing water in items such as tires, flowerpot saucers, and birdbaths.
  • Tightly cover water storage containers, such as buckets and rain barrels, so mosquitoes cannot get inside to lay eggs.

Protect Babies and Children

  • Dress your child in clothing that covers arms and legs.
  • Cover strollers and baby carriers with mosquito netting.
  • Adults, spray insect repellent onto your hands and then apply to a child’s face. Do not spray repellent directly onto a child’s face.


  • Learn about current risks where you are going.
  • Remember to pack repellent, clothing, mosquito nets and other items you might need to protect yourself from mosquitoes when traveling.
Learn more about how to protect yourself from mosquito bites. 

Additional Resources

Contact Us

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Email: EPIC@cdc.gov

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
1600 Clifton Rd
Atlanta, GA 30329 

Contact CDC-INFO
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: 888-232-6348